Piotr Bożek' s research is in theoretical nuclear physics, particularly in the area of heavy ion collisions. The interpretation of the experimental studies conducted with colliding heavy ion beam at RHIC in BNL and the LHC at CERN require quantitative modeling of the collision dynamics. The hot and dense matter created in the interaction region behaves like an almost perfect fluid. Hydrodynamics is applied to describe the density and flow of matter. These studies aim at understanding of the mechanism of the apparent thermalization and the extracting the properties of the quark-gluon plasma.
Previously, Piotr Bożek has studied the phenomenon of nuclear mulifragmentation in intermediate energy nuclear collisions and applied quantum many-body methods to calculate the properties of strongly interacting nuclear systems.